By Attorneys Devin M. Connolly & Nancy E. Miller
An immigrant in this situation may be eligible to apply for a waiver of their prior misrepresentation pursuant to Section 237(a)(1)(H) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (“INA”). And if the waiver is granted, and they are otherwise eligible, they will be able to apply for U.S. citizenship.
The Board of Immigration Appeals (“BIA”) has stated that a person may be eligible for the waiver whether they obtained their green card through an interview at a U.S. Consulate or through adjustment of status interviews at CIS and even if the lie was based on a sham marriage. A “sham marriage” is a marriage entered into solely for the purpose of obtaining a green card. Regardless of when and where the misrepresentation is made, there are still several requirements that must be met to be granted the waiver.
A waiver under INA 237(a)(1)(H) “forgives” the fraud and allows the alien to keep their green card if they are the spouse, parent, or son or daughter of a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident (LPR) and can meet the requirement of showing that the equities in their case outweigh the liabilities. The fraud or misrepresentation must be of a material fact that was made in connection with the attempt to obtain a visa or green card. The applicant must be “otherwise-admissible” to the U.S., but-for the material misrepresentation. This means that the immigrant will not be eligible for the waiver if they are inadmissible for reasons in addition to the fraud, such as criminal convictions.
As discussed above, the waiver may be granted to an immigrant whose fraud involved a sham marriage. However, there are also many other circumstances in which the waiver may be granted. A common scenario involves a prospective immigrant who has been petitioned by their LPR parents to come to the U.S., but before immigrating, the person gets married. That petition is denied or revoked as a matter of law immediately upon the marriage. Even if the parent is a USC, many years can be added to the wait-time. The prospective immigrant wants their spouse and their green card so they lie at the time of the interview and say they are single. Clearly, the green card was obtained through fraud. A 237(a)(1)(H) waiver can cure the original fraud and allow the person to keep their green card – which upon receipt of the waiver will be valid back from the date it was issued.
When applying for the waiver, an immigrant must demonstrate that they deserve a favorable exercise of discretion. The factors that an Immigration Judge may consider when making their decision include the immigrant’s family ties within the United States, the length of their residence in this country, whether the immigrant or any family members would suffer hardship if the immigrant was forced to return to his or her native country, the immigrant’s employment history, the existence of any property or business ties, evidence of value or service to the community, as well other evidence of the immigrant’s good moral character. The Immigration Judge will balance these positive factors against any negative factors in an immigrant’s case. These negative factors may include the original fraud or misrepresentation, any criminal activity, or any other evidence of the immigrant’s lack of good moral character. In the end, the immigrant must demonstrate that the positive factors in their case outweigh the negative ones. A well-documented waiver application and persuasive testimony at the court hearing are essential to a successful outcome.
And, yes, I did just say court. A waiver under INA § 237(a)(1)(H) may only be applied for in Immigration Court. With so much riding on the end result, it is important to retain a knowledgeable immigration attorney who is experienced in these types of waivers. And what is the end result? After being granted the waiver, the immigrant can go on to successfully apply for U.S. citizenship. That is a successful outcome.